课件编号20815012

人教版(2019)选择性必修 第一册Unit 1 People of Achievement Reading and Thinking课件(共23张PPT)

日期:2024-07-16 科目:英语 类型:高中课件 查看:32次 大小:22848935Byte 来源:二一课件通
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(课件网) Unit1 People of achievement non-restrictive relative clause Period III Reading-based structure acquisition 01 02 03 Learning objectives By the end of the class ,you will be able to summarize the forms and functions of non-restrictive relative clauses; make complex sentences using non-restrictive relative clauses; describe people of achievement by non-restrictive relative clauses; The woman who is receiving the prize is Tu Youyou. 先行词 关系词 定语从句 who 关系代词 关系副词 who, whom, which, that, whose, as where, when, why 关系词的作用: ① 引导作用(引导定语从句) ② 替代作用(替代先行词) ③ 在定语从句中担当某个成分的作用 先行词 在从句中所作成分 关系代词 人 主 who/that 宾 who/whom/that/省略 定 whose(=of whom) 物 主 that/which 宾 that/which/省略 定 whose(=of which) 先行词 在从句中所作成分 关系副词 时间名词 时间状语 when 地点名词 地点状语 where reason 原因状语 why The man is my father . He wears a white shirt. The man who wears a white shirt is my father . I have a dad who never do homework. b) I have a dad , who never do homework. 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句 The man is a doctor . who lives next door 限制性定语从句是先行词在意义上不可缺少的定语, 如果去掉, 主句的意思就不完整或失去意义。如: Mr.Brown , is a doctor . who lives next door 2. 非限制性定语从句和主句关系不十分密切, 只是对先行词作些附加的说明, 如果去掉, 主句的意思仍然清楚。这种从句和主句之间往往用 逗号分开, 不用that引导。 3.大多数限制性和非限制性定语从句的先行词 往往为某一个词或短语, 而有时非限制性 定语从句的先行词也可为整个主句, 此时非 限制性定语从句常由which引导。 eg. A middle-aged woman killed her husband, which frightened me very much. 一个中年女子杀害了其丈夫, 这事令我十分恐惧。 1. I saw the guy who delivers my mail in town yesterday. 2. I'll always remember the river where we learned to swim. 3. Do you know the reason why the sky is blue 4. She's the person whose daughter goes to Harvard. which guy which river the reason for what which person 若去掉,句子含义不明确 无逗号与主句隔开 1. Paris, where I spent six months studying, is the most beautiful city in the world. 2. The woman down the street, whose children are the same age as yours, invited us over for dinner next week. 有逗号与主句隔开 若去掉,不影响句子含义 非限制性定语从句中关系词的指代关系 指人 指物 在定语从句中的作用 Who Whom Which whose √ √ 主语 主语 宾语 定语 √ √ √ 宾语 指代整个主句 宾语 关系副词(where, when)的指代关系 指地点 指时间 在定语从句中的作用 Where When √ √ 时间状语 地点状语 that, why不能在非限制性定语从句中使用。 tip 介词+which 限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句 从句与先行词的关系 从句是先行词不可缺少的定语,如果省去,主句的意思就会不完整或不明确。 从句只是对先行词的附加说明,如果省去,主句的意思仍然清楚或完整 标 志 从句和主句之间不用逗号分开 从句和主句之间通常用逗号分开 关系 代词 指人who (that) whom指物which (that)人和物的whose关系代词在从句中作宾语时可以省去 指人who(作主语)whom(做宾语)指物which 人和物 ... ...

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